Hetable(also called tablá strong>) is a membranophone percussion instrument composed of two units. In Hindustani classical music it is used not only as a rhythmic accompaniment, but also as a solo instrument.
It is also used in the traditional music of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. The term tablá </ strong> refers to both the pair of drums (used in some variants of Indian music) and just the melodic drum.
Use technique: strong>
The drum that is played with the dominant hand is made of wood and is tuned to a specific note, thus contributing or complementing the melody. The tuning range is limited, although there are dayansof different sizes, each with its own shade. p>
To get in harmony with the soloist, it will usually be necessary to tune the dayanwith the tonic, dominant or subdominant of the soloist’s key./ p>
The other drum on the tabla is larger and made of metal (or sometimes clay, although it is rarer). It has a deeper and more sustained bass tone. In addition to normal fingertip strokes, the wrist is used to apply pressure, or to slide it over the patch to achieve a glistening. This technique achieves an unusual and highly characteristic effect on the instrument.
LThe strokes with which the instrument is sounded are calledbowl, and they have syllable namesbas. Each one of thesebowlThey can be from the right hand, the left hand or both hands at the same time. The names of thebowlare generally known by their phonetic transcription (eg. dhainstead of धा,tininstead of तिं) due to easier recall (for Westerners) and easier to transmit by mechanical and electronic means.
Iscoughbowlare grouped into rhythms, ortheka(pronouncedtjeka), which transcripts or sayings are series of syllables / words in a row that represent the blows of which they are composed. It is very common for tabla players to recite aloud the thekasthey are going to play just before they do it. Here below you can see what it sounds like!
Large: 15cm diameter x 17 cmhigh
Small: 11 cm diameter x 17 cm high